BEST BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS IN GUATEMALA

MAYAN BIOSPHERE RESERVE

Trekking on the Mayan Biosphere Reserve is one of our favorite activities and we consider it our signature tours.
Get ready to go deep inside the jungle and look for some of the most spectacular Mayan cities.

 

MAYA TREK

The basic 3 day – 2 nights’ trek will take you from El Zotz Biotope to Tikal National Park.
You will have the chance to follow the steps of the ancient Mayan ruler Siyaj Kak, explore El Zotz archaeological site, observe thousands of bats going out their shelter at dusk, and enter Tikal like few people have; through the backdoor surrounded by the dense jungle.
This trek is managed in association with El Cruce Dos Aguadas local community.
On the last day of the trek, before entering Tikal National Park, the horses are not allowed to proceed so visitors must carry all their personal belongings. Of course, BWA will arrange porters to help our clients during this final part.

MIRADOR QUEST

The basic 5-day trek, will take you from Carmelita community to El Mirador – Rio Azul National Park. On your way to El Mirador, you will have the chance to walk on ancient Mayan walkways, admire some of the most amazing sunsets and spot some of the typical Mayan Biosphere Reserve wildlife; like howler and spider monkeys, parrots, Ocellated Turkeys and Coatis. At El Mirador Archaeological Site, you’ll be able to observe the famous Hero Twins frieze and of course the gigantic pyramid of La Danta. This trek is managed in association with Carmelita local community.

YNT TREK

The basic Yaxha – Nakum – Tikal (3 days – 2 nights) is another great experience inside the deep jungle. During this expedition, the visitor will have the chance to explore three of the most spectacular Maya cities of the region and of course be amazed by the local wildlife. On the last day of the trek, before entering Tikal National Park, the horses are not allowed to proceed so visitors must carry all their personal belongings. Of course, BWA will arrange porters to help its clients during this final part.

TIKAL NATIONAL PARK

Located in the Heart of the Maya Biosphere Reserve, it was declared Mixed Heritage Site by UNESCO, being one of only three with this category in all Latin America. Tikal houses one of the most important Mayan cities of the Classic Period, which has an impressive and exquisite architecture. The monumentality of its buildings is evident when taking a walk in the Great Plaza.

The city is sheltered by a majestic tropical forest that is home to hundreds of species of flora and fauna. The roar of the howler monkeys, the song of the birds and the troops of spider monkeys welcomes visitors to this paradisiac site. A visit to the Tikal National Park guarantees a magical and unforgettable experience.


Some interesting species:

Spanish Cedar (Cedrela odorata),

Sapodilla (Manilkara zapota),

Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla)

Caribbean pine (Pinus caribaea).

Kapok Tree (Ceiba pentandra),

Fer de lance (Bothrops asper)

Veined tree frog (Trachycephalus venulosus)

Orange- breasted falcon (Falco deiroleucus)

Crested Eagle (Morphus guianensis)

Ocellated Turkey (Meleagris ocellata)

Jaguar (Panthera onca),

Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)

Central America Spider Monekey (Ateles geoffroyi)  

Guatemalan black howler (Aloutta pigra)

YAXHA – NAKUM – NARANJO NATIONAL PARK

Yaxha-Nakum-Naranjo National Park is located within the core area of ​​the Maya Biosphere Reserve. Due to the presence of lagoons and wetlands, the area has been recognized by the RAMSAR convention as a Wetland of Global Importance.

It covers four Mayan cities that had great importance during the history of this civilization, Yaxha, Naranjo, Nakum and Topoxte.

The archaeological site Topoxte is in the southwest end of the Laguna de Yaxha and it is possible to be accessed only by boat.

Within the limits of the park is the Holmul seasonal river, the river Ixtintó and the lagoons of Champoxté, Juleque, Yaxha and Sacnab, along with several pools and gullies. The archaeological sites of Nakum and Naranjo are located respectively 17 and 24 kilometers north of Yaxha. The park conserves an important remnant of tropical forest, which is home to hundreds of species of flora and fauna. There are about 300 bird species, 42 mammal species, 22 fish species, 42 reptile species and 14 amphibian species.

Some interesting species:

Ramón (Brosimum alicastrum)

Allspice (Pimienta dioca)

Bullet Tree (Bucida buceras)

Manchiche (Lonchocarpus castilloi)

Red Bay Snook (Petenia splendida)

Central America River Turtle (Dermatemys mawii)

Morelet's crocodile (Crocodylus moreletii)

Burrowing toad (Rhinophrynus dorsalis)

Jabiru (Jabiru mycteria)

Snail Kite (Rostrhamus sociabilis)

Central America Spider Moneky (Ateles geoffroyi)  

Guatemalan black howler (Aloutta pigra)

GUACAMAYAS BIOLOGICAL STATION (EBG)

Located at one end of the Laguna del Tigre National Park, it is a paradise in the Mayan rainforest. The EBG is mainly devoted to research, however; it allows responsible visitors to participate in their research activities. The site has an impressive lodge that meets the requirements of even the most demanding visitors. The lodge has its own restaurant that is supplied with local ingredients, guaranteeing the most exquisite dishes. In the morning, it is impressive to hear the birds singing, the roar of howler monkeys and watch as the sun rises above the San Pedro Mártir river. Visitors can enjoy boat and kayaks trips on the river, as well as birding; and a visit to the Waka'Peru Archaeological Park. In the evenings, the EBG offers boat trips to spot crocodiles and nocturnal birds.


Some interesting species:

Silion (Pouteria amygdalina)

Canistel (Pouteria campechiana)

Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao)

Mealy Amazon (Amazona farinosa)

Great Currassow (Crax rubra)

Baird’s Tapir (Tapirus bairdii)

Jaguar (Panthera onca).

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